the third of the eight parts of speech, modifies (qualifies or
limits the meaning of) a noun or pronoun. An adjective can answer any one
of these questions: What kind? Which one? How many? or How much?
In addition to regular adjectives such as tall, muscular, beautiful, and intell-
there are two specific types of adjectives—the proper adjective and the
➲ A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun. Examples of proper
adjectives include French onion soup, the Belgian detective, Orwellian
philosophy, and the Kenyan landscape.
➲ A compound adjective is composed of two or more words. Examples
include part-time referee, eight-foot tree, and fifteen-year-old musician.
➲ Note: Do not hyphenate an adjective preceding an adverb that ends
in -ly. Some of these instances are smartly dressed politician and nicely
The fork in the road is taken
The headlines just write themselves. A six-foot-tall fork appeared in Carlsbad, Calif., in the traffic island at the intersection of Levante Street and Anillo Way on Oct. 16. The unnamed artist is a 62-year-old retired teacher who said he was impressed by the joke in The Muppet Movie in which the characters encounter a giant silverware fork when they are looking for a fork in the road. Carlsbad residents got a kick out of the sculpture, but a city crew removed it the next day. Another resident erected a sign in its place that says Why the fork not? which the city also removed. Then residents then began taping real, normal-sized forks to a nearby sign. A spokesperson for the city said the sculpture is a code violation.