➲ A gerund
, the second type of verbal, ends in -ing and functions as a
noun. A gerund’s uses are many—subject, direct object, subject comple-
(predicate nominative), appositive, and object of the preposition.
If a gerund or the entire gerund phrase is removed from the sentence,
the remaining words will not form a complete, logical sentence.
The underlined word in each sentence is a gerund. Its use is within the
parentheses that follow the sentence.
is fun for Kate and Moe. (subject)
Marcia loves sewing
. (direct object)
A fun time for Rachel is reading
. (predicate nominative)
His passion, traveling
, inspired him in many ways. (appositive)
Geraldine has a love for traveling
. (object of
➲ A gerund phrase includes the gerund, its modifiers, and the words
that complete the idea begun by the gerund.
In each sentence, the gerund is italicized, and the gerund phrase is
Shopping for new dresses excites Terry Anne. (subject)
The orchestra members enjoy rehearsing for long periods of time.
Tommy’s passion is running long distances. (predicate nominative)
Joanna’s love, running, kept her very fit. (appositive)
Can you pass the test by studying very hard this month? (object of the
Note: Remember that the same phrase can have several uses.
The man signaling to you is my grandfather. (participial phrase)
Signaling to you was not difficult. (gerund phrase)
The player passing the soccer ball is James. (participial phrase)
Passing the soccer ball was hard for that man. (gerund phrase)
Celebration of Ganesh Chaturthi
Ganesh Chaturthi also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi is one of the important Hindu festivals celebrated throughout India with a great devotion. This day is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesh, the elephantheaded son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lord Ganesh is the symbol of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune.Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated on Shukla Chaturthi of the Hindu month of Bhadra (generally falls between August and September). This festival is celebrated by Hindus with a great enthusiasm. People bring idols of Lord Ganesh to their homes and do worship. The duration of this festival varies from 1 day to 11 days, depending on the place and tradition. On the last day of the festival the idols are taken out in a colorful and musical procession and immersed traditionally in water.As per Hindu mythology Lord Ganesh is considered as OVigana HartaO (one who removes obstacles) and OBuddhi PradaayakaO (one who grants intelligence). This festival is very important for students, they worship Lord Ganesh to illumine their minds.