Commas Part Three
Active and passive voices
agreement between indefinite pronouns and their antecedents
agreement involving prepositional phrases
Commas Part Five
Commas Part Four
Commas Part One
Commas Part Three
Commas Part Two
complete and simple predicates
complete and simple subjects
compound complex sentences
compound prepositions and the preposition adverb question
compound subject and compound predicate
compound subjects part one
Confusing usage words part eight
Confusing usage words part five
Confusing usage words part four
Confusing usage words part one
Confusing usage words part seven
Confusing usage words part six
Confusing usage words part three
Confusing usage words part three 2
Confusing usage words part two
First Capitalization List
Indefinite pronouns and the possessive case
Irregular Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs
irregular verbs part one
irregular verbs part two
Misplaced and dangling modifiers
More Apostrophe Situations
More subject verb agreement situations
Parentheses Ellipsis Marks and Dashes
Periods Question Marks and Exclamation Marks
pronouns and their antecedents
Quotation Marks Part One
Quotation Marks Part Two
reflexive demonstrative and interrogative pronouns
Regular Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs
regular verb tenses
Second Capitalization List
sentences fragments and run on sentences
singular and plural nouns and pronouns
Sound a like words Part Four
Sound a like words Part Three
Sound a like words Part Two
Sound alike words part one
subject and verb agreement
subject complements predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
subject verb agreement situations
the adjective clause
the adjective phrase
the adverb clause
the adverb phrase
The coordinating conjunction
the correlative conjunction
the direct object
the gerund and gerund phrase
the indirect object
the infinitive and infinitive phrase
The nominative case
the noun adjective pronoun question
the noun clause
the object of the preposition
the participle and participial phrase
The possessive case
The possessive case 2
The possessive case and pronouns
the prepositional phrase
the subordinating conjunction
The verb be
the verb phrase
Transitive and intransitive verbs
types of nouns
types of sentences by purpose
Using Capital Letters
what good writers do
Here are some additional helpful comma rules.
Use a comma to separate two or more adjectives that precede a noun. To
check if a comma is needed, separate the two adjectives with the word
and. If it sounds logical, a comma is required.
She is an intelligent, fair leader.
The draftee is a strong, athletic player.
Note: In the sentence, We were served fried green tomatoes as part of
our meal, fried is an adverb, not another adjective. Thus, a comma is
Use a comma to separate independent clauses joined by the conjunctions
for, and, nor, but, or, and yet.
The singer wanted to perform at Carnegie Hall, but her schedule
You can drive, or you can walk.
Note: When you use the conjunctions for, so, and yet to join
independent clauses, always use a comma before the conjunction. For
the conjunctions and, nor, but, and or, a comma is not required as long
as the independent clauses are relatively short, AND the sentence is
understandable and clear without the comma.
Our principal understood and she responded immediately.
(no comma needed)
Use a comma to set off a word or words in direct address.
Ellie, would you like us to pull you on the float again?
This situation, Eve, is drastic.
Will you lend a hand here, Nicky?
Use a comma to set off parenthetical (provides additional information
and is loosely connected to the sentences content) expressions, such as,
I believe, For example, On the other hand, In the first place,
As a matter of fact, To tell the truth, Of course, and However.
This, I believe, is the best method
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Amazing Science Images You Must See
Water and land seem swapped in this satellite photo taken over the South Pacific. The steaming volcanic island of Tinakula appears in dark, almost liquid, green. The surrounding water takes on a milky, solid look because of the reflection of sunlight on the ocean.
Satellite observations of Tinakula suggest that the island erupts occasionally, but remote as it is, eyewitnesses are rare, according to NASAs Earth Observatory. Here, a plume of gas and perhaps ash rises lazily above the island.