The Chow Chow is at No. 10 in our most expensive dog breeds list, which can fetch between $3,000 $9,000. It s originally from China, where it is referred to as Songshi Quan which means puffy-lion dog . It s an ancient breed that dates back to around 300 B.C., Chow Chow is thought to served as hunting, birding and guard dog. It s a medium-sized dog with a large head and round muzzle, recognizable by its blue-black tongue and lion-like coat. Loyal to their owners and prized by dog fanciers for their regal appearance, Chow Chows are truly a unique breed.