Barfi is a sweet confectionery from the Indian subcontinent. Plain barfi is made with condensed milk and sugar cooked until it solidifies. The many varieties of barfi include besan barfi (made with gram flour), Kaaju Barfi (made with cashews), and Pista Barfi (made with ground pistachios). The name is derived from the Persian word Barf which means snow, since Barfi is similar to ice/snow in appearance, this is why it is served cold. Barfi is often flavored with fruit (such as mango or coconut) or nuts (such as cashew and pistachio) and spices such as cardamom or rose water. They are sometimes coated with a thin layer of edible metallic leaf known as vark. They are typically cut into square, diamond, or round shapes. Different types of Barfi vary in their color and texture.