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Prepositions - Down

1. Down indicates movement from a higher place.

Pattern: noun + verb + down + noun
The rocks rolled down the mountain.

Typical verbs used before down:
come, fall, go, move, roll, run, slide, walk

2. Down means following the way of; along

Pattern 1: noun + verb + down + noun
The old man went down the road on foot.

Typical verbs used before down:
come, drive, go, move, run, skate, walk

Pattern 2: noun + verb + noun + down + noun
The boys rode their bikes down the street this morning.

Typical verbs before down:
bring, carry, drive, move, pull, push, ride, take

Typical nouns after down:
freeway, highway, path, road, sidewalk, street, turnpike

3. Down indicates destruction.

Pattern 1: noun + verb + down + noun
The intruder broke down the door.

Typical verbs used before down:
blow, break, bring, burn, cut, strike, take

Pattern 2: verb + noun + down
The intruder broke the door down.

4. Expression

upside down—turned so that the bottom is on top
The cups go in the dishwasher upside down.

5. Phrasal verbs

back down (intransitive)—retreat
The dog backed down when I called his name.

calm down (separable)—soothe; tranquilize
We had to calm the children down after the excitement.

close down (separable)—stop business activity, temporarily or permanently
We close the shop down at four o'clock every day.
They plan to close that business down for good.

come down with (nonseparable)—become sick
She missed the picnic because she came down with the flu.

crack down on (nonseparable)—impose restrictions
The police are cracking down on street violence.
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  • Prepositions - Down
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  • Daily Health Tips

    Let Excess Weight Go Up to the Clouds

    To lose weight, perspire. Exercise and the steam bath are equally effective. How to replace the water? Fasting on honey-lime juice water is highly beneficial in the treatment of obesity without the loss of energy and appetite. In this mode of treatment, one spoon of fresh honey should be mixed with a juice of half a lime in a glass of lukewarm water and taken at regularly intervals. Another effective remedy for obesity is an exclusive lemon juice diet. On the first day the patient should be given nothing but plenty of water. On the second day juice of three lemons mixed with equal amount of water should be given. One lemon should be subsequently increased each day until the juice of 12 lemons is consumed per day. Then the number of lemons should be decreased in the same order until three lemons are taken in a day. The patient may feel weak and hungry on the first two days, but afterwards the condition will be stabilized by itself. The patient should also adopt measures which bring on excessive perspiration such as sauna baths, steam bath and heavy massage. They help to reduce weight. Above all, obese persons should make every effort to avoid negative motions such as anxiety, fear, hostility and insecurity and develop a positive outlook on life.


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