Prepositions - In

1. In indicates location inside or within something else.

Pattern 1: verb + in + noun
We live in that house.
The pencils are in the box.

Nouns commonly used after in:

Geographical areas:
city, continent, country, state, town
He lives in Seattle, Washington, in the U.S.A.

Comfortable, protected places:
alcove, large chair, cocoon, nest
He sat down in the chair and read his novel.

Inside areas:
attic, balcony, basement, building, corner, hall, kitchen, office, room She is in her office, in that building, in room 302, in the corner.

Vehicles where the passengers cannot walk around: car, canoe, helicopter, small airplane, small boat We went in the car, but they went in a helicopter.

Publications and speeches
article, book, dictionary, encyclopedia, lecture, magazine, newspaper, speech
He didn't say that in his speech, but I read it in the newspaper.

Pattern 2: be + in + 0 noun
He can't come to the phone because he's in bed.

Nouns commonly used after in:
bed, church, class, jail, place, school, town

Pattern 3: verb + noun + in + noun
Put the pencils in the box.

Typical verbs:
drop, get, insert, lay, place, push, put

Typical nouns:
bag, box, drawer, file, folder, notebook, sack, suitcase, trunk, wallet

2. In indicates membership of a group or category.

Pattern: be + noun + in + noun
There are seven people in our family.
Your brother is the expert in that office.

Nouns commonly used after in:
association, category, choir, chorus, club, family, fraternity, group, office, society, sorority

3. In can indicate a period of time.

Pattern: be + in + time period
century in + the She was born in the 1800s.
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  • Prepositions - About
  • Prepositions - Above
  • Prepositions - Across
  • Prepositions - After
  • Prepositions - Against
  • Prepositions - Ahead Of
  • Prepositions - Along
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  • Prepositions - Around
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  • Prepositions - Back to/Back From
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  • Prepositions - Beneath
  • Prepositions - Beside
  • Prepositions - Besides
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  • Prepositions - But
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  • Prepositions - Close To
  • Prepositions - Despite/In Spite Of
  • Prepositions - Down
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  • Prepositions - Except
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  • Prepositions - For
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  • Prepositions - In
  • Prepositions - In Back Of
  • Prepositions - In Front Of
  • Prepositions - Inside
  • Prepositions - Instead Of
  • Prepositions - Into
  • Prepositions - Like
  • Prepositions - Near
  • Prepositions - Next To
  • Prepositions - Of
  • Prepositions - Off
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  • Prepositions - On Top Of
  • Prepositions - Onto
  • Prepositions - Opposite
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  • Prepositions - Outside
  • Prepositions - Over
  • Prepositions - Past
  • Prepositions - Through
  • Prepositions - Throughout
  • Prepositions - To
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  • Prepositions - Towards
  • Prepositions - Under
  • Prepositions - Underneath
  • Prepositions - Until
  • Prepositions - Up
  • Prepositions - With
  • Prepositions - Within
  • Prepositions - Without
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    Lysimachia Bulbifera

    In the spring of the year 1781, I received roots of this plant from Mr. Robert Squibb, then at New York, which produced flowers the ensuing summer, since that time, I have had frequent opportunities of observing a very peculiar circumstance in its [oe]conomy, after flowering, instead of producing seeds, it throws out gemmae vivaces, or bulbs of an unusual form, from the alae of the leaves, which falling off in the month of October, when the plant decays, produce young plants the ensuing spring.As it is distinguished from all the known species of Lysimachia by this circumstance, we have named it bulbifera instead of stricta, under which it appears in the Hortus Kewensis.Some Botanists, whose abilities we revere, are of opinion that the trivial names of plants, which are or should be a kind of abridgment of the specific character, ought very rarely or never to be changed we are not for altering them capriciously on every trivial occasion, but in such a case as the present, where the science is manifestly advanced by the alteration, it would surely have been criminal to have preferred a name, barely expressive, to one which immediately identifies the plant.The Lysimachia bulbifera is a hardy perennial, grows spontaneously in boggy or swampy ground, and hence requires a moist soil. It flowers in August.

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