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Prepositions - Up

1. Up indicates movement to a higher place.

Pattern 1: verb + up + noun
The cat climbed up the tree.
She always walks up the steps to the fifth floor.

Typical verbs used before up:
climb, creep, go, jump, move, pop, race, run, walk

Pattern 2: verb + noun + up + noun
Bring the box up the steps.

Typical verbs used with this pattern:
bring, carry, drag, heave, move, send, take

2. Up (adverb) indicates location at a high place.

Pattern: be + up
The balloon is up.

Expression:
to be up—to be awake
I am up every day by eight o 'clock.

3. Up indicates location further along the way.

Pattern: verb + up + noun
Their farm is three miles up the road.
She lives two blocks up the street.

4. Up indicates movement along a way.

Pattern 1: verb + up + noun
She is going to travel up Route 66.
Nouns commonly used after up:
highway, path, road, street, turnpike, way

Pattern 2: verb + noun + up + noun
We will drive four more miles up the highway.

5. Up indicates movement against a current of water.

Pattern: verb + up + noun
They swam up the river for exercise.

Typical verbs used before up
cruise, drive, go, row, sail, swim

6. Up indicates a desired result.

Pattern: verb + up + noun
They are trying to drum up support.

Typical verbs:
drum, round, scrape, work
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  • Mythic Creatures That Never Existed But People Believed In Anyway

    Kappa

    In ancient Japanese folklore the kappa is a water demon that lives in rivers and lakes and devours naughty children. Kappa means child of the river and has the body of a turtle, frog limbs, and a head with a beak. Also at the top of its head there is a cavity with water. While it is supposedly an aquatic creature, they are active on dry land. According to legend, a kappa s head should always be kept wet otherwise it will lose its strength. Strangely enough, many people consider the existence of a kappa a sure thing and there are signs at some lakes in Japan warning the visitors that there s a serious danger of being attacked by the creature while they enjoy their picnic.


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