Lesson 1 : Usage of Articles

Basics of Articles (Part 1 - A and An)

Articles are of TWO types. They are

  1. Indefinite article A / An

  2. Definite article The

What's the difference?

If you want to say about ANY item, you should use the articles A / An. If you want to say about a SPECIFIC item, you should use the article THE.

Confused? Lets see an example. Assume that you've selected for a Bank Exam. You have a stupid friend like me. So obviously She will ask you a party.

Suppose if She says

Noun and Case

The Case is of 3 types,

  1. Nominative Case (Subjective Case)

  2. Accusative Case (Objective Case)

  3. Possessive Case

Now have a look at an example for proper understanding,

  1. Sachin is a Cricket player (Nominative)

  2. We like Sachin (Accusative)

  3. This is Sachin's Bat (Possesive)

    Possessive Case :

Pronouns - Shortcut Rules

In this post we shall discuss some important shortcut rules about Pronouns which comes in handy while solving Banking and other Competitive exam papers.

Shortcut Rule 1 : We should use the personal pronouns in the order of

231 for good results ( I mean, Second Person, Third Person, First Person). Have a look at the following Examples.

Rule 8 :

Now lets have a look at an example with detailed explanation :

  1. Miss Sullivan arrived at the Keller home when Helen was seven.

  2. The deaf and blind Helen learned to communicate verbally.

  3. But, eventually, Miss Sullivan's effort was rewarded.

  4. Before Helen Keller was two years old, she lost her sight and her hearing.

  5. Miss Sullivan worked closely with Helen, her new student.

  6. At times the teacher became frustrated.

    1. DEFACB

    2. DAEFCB

    3. ACFDEB

    4. CFDABE

    5. FDACEB


      • Upon reading the above paragraph, we come to see that in A, B, E, F, the names mentioned are short while in D, the full name is mentioned. Hence D is the first sentence.

      • Next we see that Ms. Sullivan comes into the picture when Helen is seven years old and hence

        A is the second sentence.

      • The paragraph revolves around Helen's learning and hence E states what joins Helen and Ms. Sullivan.

      • Sentence F states that the teacher became frustrated at times which is followed by C (starts with 'But' which indicates that in spite of something Ms. Sullivan's efforts were rewarded).

      • Sentence B follows stating how the teacher's efforts were rewarded and is the conclusion to a set of events.

Now lets do some practice exercises : Example 1 :

  1. This hill is called the Acro-polis

  2. In the city of Athens stands a rocky hill with a flat top

  3. Round the acropolis was the city itself

  4. On the top of the acropolis Percles built a beautiful temple

    1. D, A, B, C

    2. A, B, C, D

    3. C, A, B, D

    4. B, A, C, D

    5. None of the above

Example 2 :

  1. She has to be the complement of man

  2. I believe in the proper education of women

  3. She can run the race

  4. But she will not rise to the great heights she is capable of by mimicking man

    1. C, A, B, D

    2. B, D, A, C

    3. B, C, D, A

    4. D, B, C, A

    5. None of these

Example 3 :

  1. But each one gets down when the train stops at his station

  2. We speak to them, share our food with them, share our joys and sorrows with them

  3. Life is like a journey by train

  4. During the journey we come across varieties of people

    1. C, B, D, A

    2. C, D, B, A

    3. D, B, C, A

    4. D, A, C, B

    5. None of these

Example 4 :

  1. The most important of all man’s inventions must be the invention of language

  2. Writing makes it possible for people to keep in touch with one another even if they are far away from one another

  3. The invention of writing should come next only to that

  4. And libraries which contain written records of the great minds are storehouses of knowledge

    1. A, B, D, C

    2. A, C, B, D

    3. D, B, A, C

    4. B, A, C, D

    5. None of these

Example 5 :

  1. In every direction space is strewn with whole galaxies

  2. These galaxies are too faint to be seen with the naked eye

  3. Vast number can be seen with a powerful telescope

  4. Most of these galaxies are like our won

    1. A, D, B, C

    2. B, A, C, D

    3. C, D, B, A

    4. A, B, C, D

    5. None of these

Correction of Sentences in English

Friends, today we shall discuss one of the very important topics of SBI PO and other competitive exams' English Section Correction of Sentences or Correct usage of words in English. In this type of questions, each sentence is divided into four parts and each part is marked below as A, B, C, and D. There is a mistake in any one part of the sentence. The students are required to detect which part contains the mistake. If there is no mistake in any part of the sentence, it should be marked as No Error (Option E).

As a number of our friends have been saying that they are unable to perform well in this area we have decided to update detailed lessons on Correction of Sentences in English. This is the introductory lesson and this lesson followed by exercises on Correction of Sentences with detailed explanations. We hope these lessons and exercises will help you perform well in upcoming exams. All the best :)

Examples :

The mistake lies in part (A) 'not only' should be placed before 'educated' which it qualifies and not after it. Hence students should mark cross (X) against A.

As there is no mistake in any part of the sentence, students should mark cross (X) against E. The mistake may be of any one of the following types :

  1. Mistake in the use of article -- a, an, the.

  2. The subject in the sentence may not be agreeing with the verb in number.

  3. Pronoun may not be agreeing with its antecedent in person, number of gender.

  4. There may be a mistake in the use of preposition.

  5. There may be a wrong use of a conjunction in the sentence.

  6. There may be mistakes in the use of participles, gerunds, infinitives and verbal nouns.

  7. Some word in a sentence may have been wrongly used.

  8. There may be a mistake in the use of an adverb or adjective. Degree of adjective may have been wrongly used.

  9. Rules regarding verbs, their tenses, number, or moods may not have been correctly followed.

  10. There may be miscellaneous mistakes which may not fit in the above categories.

English Correction of Sentences Excercises with Explanations

Friends, we've already updated short notes on Correction of Sentences which is very important topic of English Section for Upcoming competitive exams. you can read that post here. Here are some practice problems on Sentence Corrections with Explanations. Just Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical/idiomatic/spelling mistake/error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the s.entence. Mark the number of that part with error as your answer. If there is no error, mark (5). And you can check the answer below the questions with explnations. You can read more english related stuff and more practice papers for SBI POs Here. All The Best

Bank Exam English - Spotting Errors - Practice Excercises

Here are some Practice Exercises of Spotting Errors Section of the Bank Exams English Paper. Happy Reading.

Read Each Sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical mistake / error / in it. The error if any, will be in one part of the sentence. Mark the number of the part with error as your answer. If there is No Error, Mark (5).

  1. We are yet starting (1) / offering this facility to (2) / our customers as we are (3) / awaiting approval from the Board. (4) / No error (5).

  2. The Chairmen of all large (1) / public sector banks met with (2) / senior RBI officials to give its

    (3) / suggestions about implementing the new policy. (4) / No error (5).

  3. They have not fully considered (1) / the impact that relaxing (2) / these guidelines is likely (3)/ to have with the economy (4) / No error (5)

  4. Had this notification (1) / been amended earlier, (2) / we could have stopped (3) / the transfer of funds. (4) / No error (5)

  5. There are many insurance (1) / disputes nowadays because of (2) / most people do not fully (3) / understand the terms and conditions of their policies (4) / No error (5)

  6. India demonstrates its supremacy (1) / in space when it successfully (2) / launched its third satellite (3) / into orbit yesterday. (4) / No error (5)

  7. India needs a value education system (1) / who will inculcate values (2) / among the students and (3) / enrich their personalities. (4) / No error (5)

  8. Driven by the desire to save trees (1) / residents of locality (2) / has started using solar appliances (3) / for their everyday needs. (4) / No error (5)

  9. A large number of unmanned aircrafts (1) / being used by the military (2) / are suspected of having (3) / unsafe radio links. (4) / no error (5)

  10. Recent survey shows that (1) / 35 million children in the age group of (2) / 6 to 10 years have never (3) / attended no primary school. (4) / No error (5)

  11. Coal mines constitute (1) / a major percentage of the (2) / sources which cause damage (3) / on the environment. (4) / No error (5)

  12. A man who has been (1) / accused of fraud in (2) / an earlier job he will never be (3)/ welcome in any other organization. (4) / No error (5)

  13. Worried about the continuing violence in the city (1)/ much students are set to migrate (2) / to other cities (3) / for higher education (4)/ No error (5)

  14. Many organizations have been offering (1) / attractive incentives to (2)/ their employees in an attempt (3)/ to boosting employee retention. (4) / No error (5)

  15. Some genuine issues exist (1) / with the newly adopted (2) / system and needs to (3) / be examined seriously. (4) / No error (5)


  1. Error is in (1). Replace we are yet starting by we are yet to start.

  2. Error is in (3). Replace its by their.

  3. Error is in (4). Replace to have with the economy by to have on the economy.

  4. No error

  5. Error is in (2). Replace disputes now a days because of by disputes now a days because. It is superfluous to use preposition of as subordinate clause follows.

  6. Error is in (1). The sentence shows past event. So simple past should be used. India demonstrated its supremacy is correct.

  7. Error is in (2). Replace relative pronoun who by which because non-living thing has been used.

  8. Error is in (1). Replace Driven by the desire to save trees by Being driven by the desire to save trees.

  9. No error

  10. Error is in (4). Here never is in negative. So, attended any primary school is correct.

  11. Error is in (4). Damage takes preposition to. So, replace on the environment by to environment.

  12. Error is in (3). Here he (pronoun) is superfluous. So remove he.

  13. Error is in (2). The word students is a countable noun. So much students are set by many students are set.

  14. Error is in (4). Replace to boosting employee retention by to boost employee retention.

  15. Error is in (3). Plural subject takes plural verb. So system and need to should be used.

    Passive Voice for Competitive English

    In today's article, we shall discuss about Voice. There are two special forms for verbs called voice. Those are

    1. Active voice

    2. Passive voice

The active voice is the "normal" voice. This is the voice that we use most of the time. You are probably already familiar with the active voice. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb. The passive voice is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb. Have a look at the following table of examples for better understand of the voices.

The Active Voice

The Passive Voice

Cats Eat Fish.

Fish are Eaten by Cats.

Now Lets see Where and When we should use Passive Voice :

  1. Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

  2. Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice. Have a look at the following example.ExampleA vase was broken.

Focus, here, is on the fact that a vase was broken, but we don't blame anyone. Compare this to: "You broke the vase."

Form of the passive voice:

Subject + the appropriate form of to be + Past Participle

Note : The appropriate form of to be = To be is put in the the tense of the active voice main verb. When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following :











is made

(by Shivani )

object becoming subject


subject becoming object or is dropped

Examples of the passive voice:





Simple Present







is made

by Shivani .

Present Progressive



is making




is being made

by Shivani .

Simple Past







was made

by Shivani .

Past Progressive



was making




was being made

by Shivani .

Present Perfect



has made




has been made

by Shivani .

Past Perfect



had made




had been made

by Shivani .

Future simple



will make




will be made

by Shivani .

Future perfect



will have made




will have been made

by Shivani .




would make




would be made

by Shivani .




can make




can be made

by Shivani .

Passive voice sentences with two Objects:

Rewriting an active sentence with two objects in passive voice means that one of the two objects becomes the subject, the other one remains an object. Which object to transform into a subject depends on what you want to put the focus on. Have a look at the following Examples.




Object 1

Object 2




a flower

to me.


A flower

was offered

to me

by Shivani .



was offered